Pre-Reading & Spelling
Literacy skills refer to the ability to read and write. These skills are taught through formal instruction at school. However, learning to read and write begins well before the first day of kindergarten.
Pre-literacy skills are an important basis for literacy development. Exposure to books, rhyming songs and syllable clapping helps facilitate these skills.Successful early literacy acquisition relies upon the fundamental skill of phonemic awareness (sound awareness), which is the ability to hear, identify and manipulate sounds within words.
• Syllabification: breaking words into ‘beats’ e.g. caterpillar = ca-ter-pi-llar
• Rhyme identification: determining whether two words ‘sound the same’ e.g. cat and hat rhyme
• Rhyme generation: thinking of a word that sounds the same e.g. silly, billy, hilly, tilly
• First sound identification: saying the sound at the start of a word e.g. sun starts with ‘sssss’
• Identification of print: being able to point to words on the page
• Left/right orientation: knowing print is read from left to right, and pages turn from left to right
• Name recognition: being able to recognise their own name
Children who have had ear infections, articulation problems, language delays or a family history are at risk for difficulties with literacy.